The real revolution giving point to history, sweeping away every traditional hierarchy, uprooting ways of life beloved in the East as well as in the West, is the work of mass production, represented and forwarded by the new business elite. The coming society will be neither capitalist nor socialist, as we understand these terms today. It will be an order dominated by technicians, scientists, educationalists, intellectuals, and psychologists; the new order will reach hitherto unimagined goals of industrial production; small independent businesses will give away to a multitude of “service” industries dependent on, and subservient to, gigantic corporations whose arteries will be fed yearly by the hundred of thousands, even millions, of young men educated at the expense of the state. Independent farming will yield to agricultural factories. What was once a capitalist system will be so closely linked with government control that an observer would not be able to categorize the new order. I confess freely that I am filled with dismay when I contemplate the the “new order” supposedly being born from the womb of history. A society headed by men, in the words of Mr. Russell Kirk, who are “schooled beyond their proper worldly prospects or, indeed, beyond their intellectual capacities, lacking property, lacking religious faith, lacking ancestors or expectation of posterity, seeking to gratify by the acquisition of power their loneliness and their nameless hunger” — such a society of white-collared barbarians is held up before us, not only as the fulfillment of history, but as the fiat of Nature.
(Frederick D. Wilhelmsen, “History, Toynbee and the Modern Mind: Betrayal of the West,” Modern Age, Vol. I, No. 1, 1957, p. 36).